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There is nothing which I dread so much as a division of the republic into two great parties, each arranged under its leader, and concerting measures in opposition to each other. This, in my humble apprehension, is to be dreaded as the greatest political evil under our Constitution.

John Adams, 2nd President of the United States

(…and this from the guy that brought us the Aliens and Sedition Acts to quell Democrat-Republican — opposition party (and specifically, his vice president, Thomas Jefferson) — criticism of his illegal and undeclared naval war against the French in 1798.)